Bone grafting may be necessary for success of a dental implant, as the ability to support a dental restoration is very dependent on how much bone is available in the site where the implant is to be placed. There are lots of things that affect the bone volume such as poor oral health ie periodontal disease, trauma, infections and loss of teeth for long periods of time. Replacing missing bone or adding to existing bone is very often essential to the success of a dental implant and the restoration to be placed.
There are many ways in which bone grafting can be done. Sometimes it is as simple as collecting bone when preparing an implant site then reusing the patients bone for grafting purposes.
Very often we have to use additional bone to get adequate volume to do grafting for dental implants. This bone is from other sources and my be bovine, human, or porcine. It has been specially prepared and sterilized and is used to stimulate the patient’s own bone to grow into the repair site. This is the same bone, that orthopaedic surgeons us in hip replacement surgery. It is very effective and safe.
In some cases we must use a donor site from the patient such as the ramus of the mandible or the chin. We place this piece of bone at the receptor site and secure it in place with tiny screws which are easily removed later when the bone has integrated. Bone naturally fills into the donor site over a few months. Once we have adequate bone we are ready to place implants.
Please view the patient education video below for Bone graft and refer to post surgery instructions for this procedure.
Click here to view educational video; select ‘Surgery’ then ‘Single Tooth Atrophy (Block Graft)’.